Thai Boxing, or Muay Thai as it is called in Thailand, is the most popular spectator sport in Thailand. Its real origins probably will never be known, since Thailand's early
historical records were lost forever 1769 when Burmese armies laid siege to SiamÂ’s ancient capital, Ayutthay. According to stories From the reign of King Naresuen the
Great (1590-1605), Muay Thai was a part of military training. The king was an expert in individual combat techniques; he won several contest and became a national hero
at 22. Warriors learned Muay Thai to supplement the sword and pike in close-range fighting. Muay Thai reached its height in popularity during the reign of Pra Chau Sua
(1703-09). Siam was at peace and Muay Thai became the favourite pastime of the population. Prize-fights were staged in every village. In those days it was customary to
bind hands and forearms with strips of horse hide, to protect one's own skin and to inflict the maximum damage to an opponent's face. In 1970s modern boxing gloves
were introduce and metal groin protectors added for safety. The contest always begins with a rite or invocation that is typically Indian in nature. A bout consist of five 3-
minute rounds with 2-Minute rest periods. The fight is controlled by a referee and two judges, who keep score cards. Decisions are arrived at by knockout (count of 10), a
technical knock out-the result of serious injury, or by Throwing in the towel, or on points tallied by the officials. Points are awarded for any legitimate attack that weakens
the opponent. lf the contestants have an equal number of points a draw is declared. The referee's decision is final, and judges have no right to dispute the result. "No
contest" is declared when a boxer shows poor technique or lacks fighting spirit. Hip and shoulder throws are not allowed, neither are head butts, choking, or biting, or
attacking when an opponent is down. Modern Thai boxing has about 30 major basic techniques. There are six ways of the fist, five elbow techniques, seven different kicks
and five ways of using the foot for pushing or thrusting. Training sessions are strict; boxers workout every day after their regular job. Except for a few camps, training is
conducted outside.

Thai boxing